Aikajana orjuuden lakkauttamisesta

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Tämä on aikajana orjuuden ja maaorjuuden lakkauttamisen historiasta.

Aikajana[muokkaa | muokkaa wikitekstiä]

Antiikista keskiaikaan[muokkaa | muokkaa wikitekstiä]

Uusi aika 1500–1700[muokkaa | muokkaa wikitekstiä]

1700–1800[muokkaa | muokkaa wikitekstiä]

1800–1849[muokkaa | muokkaa wikitekstiä]

1850–1899[muokkaa | muokkaa wikitekstiä]

1900–nykyaika[muokkaa | muokkaa wikitekstiä]

Lähteet[muokkaa | muokkaa wikitekstiä]

  1. Religions and the abolition of slavery – a comparative approach (PDF) .lse.ac.uk. Viitattu 28.8.2013.
  2. (2011) Encyclopedia of Antislavery and Abolition. Greenwood Publishing Group, 155. ISBN 9780313331435. 
  3. Encyclopedia of Slave Resistance and Rebellion. Google Books. Viitattu 2013-08-28. 
  4. Cahill, Thomas (1995). How the Irish Saved Civilization. New York: Doubleday, 110,148. ISBN 0-385-41849-3. 
  5. Rodriguez, Junius P. (1997). The Historical Encyclopedia of World Slavery. Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO, 368. ISBN 0-87436-885-5. 
  6. http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/13798-slave-trade
  7. Sept essais sur des Aspects de la société et de l'économie dans la Normandie médiévale (Xe - XIIIe siècles) Lucien Musset , Jean-Michel Bouvris , Véronique Gazeau -Cahier des Annales de Normandie- 1988, Volume 22, Issue 22, pp. 3-140
  8. a b https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/source/1171latrsale.asp
  9. Iceland – So Near yet So Remote liveabroad.com. ”Iceland had a national assembly in the year 930 and abolished slavery in 1117.”
  10. http://www.korculainfo.com/history/statute-korcula-town-1214.html
  11. (31.5.2012) Hans A. Frambach in Jürgen Georg Backhaus: "The Liberation of the Serfs". Google Books, 33. Viitattu 28.8.2013. 
  12. Roth, Norman (1994). Jews, Visigoths & Muslims in Medieval Spain: Cooperation and Conflict. Leiden: Brill. pp. 160–161.
  13. Richard Oram, 'Rural society: 1. medieval', in Michael Lynch (ed.), The Oxford Companion to Scottish History (Oxford: University Press, 2005), p. 549.
  14. J. A. Cannon, 'Serfdom', in John Cannon (ed.), The Oxford Companion to British History (Oxford: University Press, 2002), p. 852.
  15. a b http://www.1902encyclopedia.com/S/SLA/slavery-12.html
  16. Christopher L. Miller, The French Atlantic triangle: literature and culture of the slave trade, p.20.
  17. (1985) Police and public order in Europe. Taylor & Francis, 293. ISBN 0709922426, 9780709922421. 
  18. Disappearance of Serfdom. France. England. Italy. Germany. Spain. 1902encyclopedia.com. Viitattu 21 March 2018.
  19. (2011) Encyclopedia of Antislavery and Abolition. Greenwood Publishing Group, 155. ISBN 9780313331435. 
  20. Encyclopedia of Slave Resistance and Rebellion. Google Books. Viitattu 2013-08-28. 
  21. Cannon, 'Serfdom', p. 852.
  22. http://www.papalencyclicals.net/Eugene04/eugene04sicut.htm
  23. a b (25.7.2011) The Cambridge World History of Slavery: Volume 3, AD 1420 – AD 1804. Cambridge University Press, 142–143–326–327–331–332–333–602. ISBN 978-0-521-84068-2. 
  24. Sánchez Galera, Juan y Sánchez Galera, José María. Vamos a contar mentiras. Madrid, México, Buenos Aires, San Juan, Santiago, Miami. Edaf, 2012
  25. Blackburn, Robin (1988) The overthrow of colonial slavery, 1776-1848. Verso, 560 pages.
  26. Denzinger, Heinrich P. (2012). Compendium of Creeds, Definitions, and Declarations on Matters of Faith and Morals. Santa Francisco, California: Ignatius Press, 367-8. ISBN 978-0-89870-746-5. 
  27. Dembkowski, Harry E. (1982). The union of Lublin, Polish federalism in the golden age. East European Monographs, 1982, 380. ISBN 0880330090, 9780880330091. 
  28. Maria Suzette Fernandes Dias (2007). Legacies of slavery: comparative perspectives. Cambridge Scholars Publishing. ISBN 1847181112. Viitattu 14.7.2010. 
  29. Lewis, James Bryant. (2003). Frontier Contact Between Choson Korea and Tokugawa Japan, pp. 31–32.
  30. Domínguez Ortiz, Antonio; Vicent, Bernard (1993) [1979]. Historia de los moriscos. Vida y tragedia de una minoría. Madrid: Alianza Editorial. p. 265.
  31. Gary João de Pina-Cabral (2002). Between China and Europe: person, culture and emotion in Macao. Berg Publishers. ISBN 0-8264-5749-5. Viitattu 14.7.2010. 
  32. Gary João de Pina-Cabral (2002). Between China and Europe: person, culture and emotion in Macao. Berg Publishers. ISBN 0-8264-5749-5. Viitattu 14.7.2010. 
  33. KIZILOV, MIKHAIL (2007). Journal of Early Modern History. Leiden: Koninklijke Brill NV. 11: 16
  34. Richard Hellie, Slavery in Russia, 1450–1725 (1984)
  35. Hellie, Richard (2009). "Slavery and serfdom in Russia". In Gleason, Abbott. A Companion to Russian History. Wiley Blackwell Companions to World History. 10. John Wiley & Sons. p. 110. ISBN 9781444308426. Retrieved 2015-09-14.
  36. Valenzuela Márquez, Jaime (2009). "Esclavos mapuches. Para una historia del secuestro y deportación de indígenas en la colonia", Historias de racismo y discriminación en Chile (in Spanish), 234–236. 
  37. V.C.D. Mtubani, African Slaves and English Law, PULA Botswana Journal of African Studies Vol 3 No 2 Nov 1983 retrieved 24th .2.2011
  38. a b c Historical survey > Ways of ending slavery
  39. a b Djuvara, Neagu (2009). Între Orient și Occident. Țările române la începutul epocii moderne. Humanitas publishing house, 276. ISBN 978-973-50-2490-1. 
  40. a b Finkelman, Paul: The Abolition of The Slave Trade 2007. New York Public Library. Viitattu 25.6.2014.
  41. http://www.artic.ua.es/biblioteca/u85/documentos/1701.pdf
  42. a b c Hobhouse, Henry. Seeds of Change: Six Plants That Transformed Mankind, 2005. Page 111.
  43. a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Robert William Fogel and Stanley L. Engerman. Time on the Cross: The Economics of American Negro Slavery, 1995. Pages 33-34.
  44. a b A Leon Higginbotham, Jr., In the Matter of Color: Race & the American Legal Process, Oxford University Press, 1978. p.310.
  45. Croatian encyclopedia
  46. A. Leon Higginbotham, In the matter of color: race and the American legal process (1980) p. 91
  47. Historical survey > Slave societies
  48. Viorel Achim, The Roma in Romanian History, Central European University Press, Budapest, 2004. ISBN 963-9241-84-9, p. 128
  49. Higginbotham, p. 310.
  50. 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
  51. The Historical encyclopedia of world slavery, Volume 1 By Junius P. Rodriguez
  52. David B. Gaspar, David P. Geggus, A Turbulent time: the French Revolution and the Greater Caribbean (1997) p. 60
  53. "Slavery in Malta", Times of Malta, 10 .4.2007. Luettu 12 .2.2015. 
  54. David N. Gellman (2008). Emancipating New York: The Politics of Slavery and Freedom, 1777–1827. LSU Press, 2, 215. 
  55. Thomas Erskine May: The Constitutional History of England (1760–1860) (sivut 274–275) Last Relics of Slavery. 1895. New York: A. C. Armstrong and Son. Viitattu 3.7.2017.
  56. A Leon Higginbotham, Jr., In the Matter of Color: Race & the American Legal Process, Oxford University Press, 1978. p.310.
  57. a b Kantowicz, Edward R. (1975). Polish-American politics in Chicago, 1888-1940. University of Chicago Press, 6. ISBN 978-0-226-42380-7. Viitattu 30 .1.2012. 
  58. Foner, Eric. "Forgotten step towards freedom," New York Times. 30 December 2007.
  59. Sailing against slavery. By Jo Loosemore BBC
  60. Foner, Eric. "Forgotten step towards freedom," New York Times. 30 December 2007.
  61. a b "Blacks in Latin America," Microsoft Encarta 98 Encyclopedia. Microsoft Corporation.
  62. Higginbotham, pp.146–47.
  63. a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Chronological Table of the Statutes" (1959 edition)
  64. "Chronological Table of the Statutes" (1959 edition)
  65. Slavery- A Timeline bbc.co.uk.
  66. a b c Aguilera, Miguel (1965). La Legislacion y el derecho en Colombia, Historia extensa de Colombia 14. Bogota: Lemer, 428–442. 
  67. a b http://www.artic.ua.es/biblioteca/u85/documentos/1701.pdf
  68. Higginbotham, p.147.
  69. Higginbotham, p.146–47.
  70. Slavery In Illinois: How and Why the Underground Railroad Existed 2004. Illinois Freedom Trail Commission. Arkistoitu 4 February 2016. Viitattu 6 February 2016.
  71. Finkelman and Miller, Macmillan Encyclopedia of World Slavery 1]]:293
  72. Finkelman and Miller, Macmillan Encyclopedia of World Slavery 1:293
  73. Serbian: http://serbum.com/?p=1253
  74. Robert William Fogel and Stanley L. Engerman. Time on the Cross: The Economics of American Negro Slavery, 1995. Pages 33–34.
  75. http://www.artic.ua.es/biblioteca/u85/documentos/1701.pdf
  76. Junius P. Rodriguez (2011). Slavery in the Modern World: A History of Political, Social, and Economic Oppression. ABC-CLIO, 429. 
  77. Erler, Yavuz. How effective was the Ottoman legislation on the slavery of women in the Ottoman Balkans?, 2006.
  78. Ehûd R. Tôledānô (1998). Slavery and Abolition in the Ottoman Middle East. U. of Washington Press, 11. 
  79. a b c d Cobb, Thomas Read Rootes. An Inquiry Into the Law of Negro Slavery in the United States of America]]: To which is Prefixed An Historical Sketch of Slavery, 1858. Page cxcii.
  80. 1840 U.S. Census, Pennsylvania
  81. Ehûd R. Tôledānô (1998). Slavery and Abolition in the Ottoman Middle East, 11. 
  82. Anderson, Kevin (15 May 2010). Marx at the margins: on nationalism, ethnicity, and non-western societies. University of Chicago Press, 77. ISBN 978-0-226-01983-3. Viitattu 30 .1.2012. 
  83. Smith, William Frank (marraskuu 2010). Catholic Church Milestones: People and Events That Shaped the Institutional Church. Dog Ear Publishing, 65. ISBN 978-1-60844-821-0. Viitattu 30 .1.2012. 
  84. Kamusella, Tomasz (2007). Silesia and Central European nationalisms: the emergence of national and ethnic groups in Prussian Silesia and Austrian Silesia, 1848-1918. Purdue University Press, 73. ISBN 978-1-55753-371-5. Viitattu 30 .1.2012. 
  85. Kfunigraz.ac.at
  86. http://www.enciclopediadelecuador.com/historia-del-ecuador/esclavitud/
  87. (1987) Hawaii's Royal History. Honolulu: Bess Press, 101. ISBN 978-0-935848-48-9. 
  88. Robert J. Cottrol (2013). The Long, Lingering Shadow: Slavery, Race, and Law in the American Hemisphere. University of Georgia Press, 121. 
  89. a b Mihail Kogălniceanu, Dezrobirea ţiganilor, ştergerea privilegiilor boiereşti, emanciparea ţăranilor, 1891. (these dates) also decisive for privately owned gypsies, still remaining enslaved
  90. Peter Kolchin, Unfree Labor (1987)
  91. Finkelman and Miller, Macmillan Encyclopedia of World Slavery 2:637
  92. Juliusz Bardach, Boguslaw Lesnodorski, and Michal Pietrzak, Historia panstwa i prawa polskiego, >
    • Warsaw: Paristwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe, 1987, pp. 389–394
  93. Emancipation of the Serfs
  94. Hornsby, Jr., Alton (2008). A Companion to African-American History. Google Books, 127. Viitattu 28.8.2013. 
  95. Robert E. Conrad, The destruction of Brazilian slavery, 1850–1888 (1972) p. 106
  96. Suzanne Miers and Richard L. Roberts, The End of slavery in Africa (1988) p. 79
  97. Fleet, Kate. "Slavery in the Ottoman Empire and Its Demise, 1800–1909." Middle Eastern Studies. 1998.
  98. Y. Hakan Erdem, Slavery in the Ottoman Empire and Its Demise, 1800–1909 (1998).
  99. Finkelman and Miller, Macmillan Encyclopedia of World Slavery 1]]:124
  100. Junius P. Rodriguez (1997). The Historical Encyclopedia of World Slavery. ABC-CLIO, xxiii. 
  101. http://treaties.fco.gov.uk/docs/fullnames/pdf/1895/TS0016%20(1895)%201895%2021%20NOV,%20CAIRO%3B%20CONVENTION%20BETWEEN%20GB%20AND%20EGYPT%20FOR%20THE%20SUPPRESSION%20OF%20SLAVERY%20AND%20THE%20SLAVE%20TRADE.pdf
  102. Swahili Coast 17.10.2002. National Geographic. Viitattu 28.8.2013.
  103. Swahili Coast
  104. Baker, Chris and Pasuk Phongpaichit. A History of Thailand, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006, p. 61.
  105. "Affairs in America" (1901). Cyclopedic Review of Current History 10: 1900. Current History Co. 
  106. Baker, Chris and Pasuk Phongpaichit. A History of Thailand, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006, p. 61.
  107. Cheikh A. Babou. The Journal of African History, 48: 490-491, Cambridge University Press 2007
  108. Afghan Constitution: 1923 Afghangovernment.com. Viitattu 28.8.2013.
  109. Afghan Constitution: 1923
  110. Whelpton, John. A History of Nepal, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2005, p. 53.
  111. Garti-Khamendeu
  112. The Committee Office, House of Commons: House of Commons – International Development – Memoranda 03.06.2006. Publications.parliament.uk. Viitattu 28.8.2013.
  113. The slave trade: myths and preconceptions
  114. Law for prohibition of slave trade and liberation of slaves at the point of entry Iranian National Parliament. Viitattu 8.12.2018.
  115. Barker, A. J., The Rape of Ethiopia 1936, p. 36
  116. The End of Slavery
  117. Universal Declaration of Human Rights 10.12.1948. United Nations. ”Adopted and proclaimed by United Nations General Assembly Resolution 217 A (III) of 10 December 1948 ... Article 4. No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms.” Viitattu 13.12.2007.
  118. BBC – Religions – Islam: Slavery in Islam bbc.co.uk. Viitattu 21 March 2018.
  119. a b BhutanStudies.org.bt, T Wangchuk Change in the land use system in Bhutan: Ecology, History, Culture, and Power Nature Conservation Section. DoF, MoA
  120. Goldstein, Melvyn C. (1986). "Re-examining Choice, Dependency and Command in the Tibetan Social System-'Tax Appendages' and Other Landless Serfs". Tibet Journal 11 (4): 79–112. 
  121. Goldstein, Melvyn C. (1988). "On the Nature of Tibetan Peasantry". Tibet Journal 13 (1): 61–65. 
  122. Barnett, Robert (2008) "What were the conditions regarding human rights in Tibet before democratic reform?" in: Authenticating Tibet: Answers to China’s 100 Questions, pp. 81–83. Eds. Anne-Marie Blondeau and Katia Buffetrille. University of California Press.ISBN 978-0-520-24928-8 (cloth); ISBN 978-0-520-24928-8 (paper)
  123. Samuel, Geoffrey (1982). "Tibet as a Stateless Society and Some Islamic Parallels". Journal of Asian Studies 41 (2): 215–229. doi:10.2307/2054940. 
  124. a b Niger slavery: Background 28.10.2008. Guardian News and Media Limited. Viitattu 7.10.2014.
  125. a b BBC – Religions – Islam: Slavery in Islam bbc.co.uk. Viitattu 21 March 2018.
  126. Slavery in Mauritania
  127. Disposable People
  128. "Mauritanian MPs pass slavery law", BBC News, 08-09.2007 accessdate=8.1.2011. 
  129. Slavery's last stronghold. CNN.com (16 March 2012). Retrieved 20 March 2012.
  130. Colorado Abolishes Prison Slavery in Huge Win for Prisoners Rights Microsoft News. 7 November 2018.