Luettelo Sumerin kaupungeista

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Tämä on luettelo Sumerin kaupungeista.

Ale-Mesopotamia - Sumer[muokkaa | muokkaa wikitekstiä]

Meso2mil-English.JPG

Sumerin asutuskeskuksia[1]tarvitaan parempi lähde

Pronssikausi[muokkaa | muokkaa wikitekstiä]

Sumerin ja lähialueen kupari- ja pronssikautisia kaupunkeja ajan ja väkiluvun mukaan

Taulu 1: 3700–2600 eaa
Kaupunki 3700 eaa 3400 eaa 3100 eaa 2800 eaa 2600 eaa
Adab 11,000[3]
Anshan 10,000[3] 10,000[3]
Bad-tibira 16,000[3]
Eridu 6,000–10,000[3]
Habuba Kabira 6,000–8,000[3]
Kish 40,000[3]
Lagash 40,000[4]
Larak/Larsa 10,000[3] 10,000[3]
Nippur 13,000[3]
Shuruppak 20,000[3]
Tell Brak 8,000[5] 22,000[3] 20,000[3]
Umma 26,000[3]
Ur 6,000[3]
Uruk 8,000[5]
14,000[3]
20,000[3] 40,000[4]–50,000[3] 80,000[3] 80,000[4]
Taulu 2: 2500–1200 eaa
Kaupunki 2500 eaa 2300 eaa 2000 eaa 1800 eaa 1600 eaa 1360 eaa 1200 eaa
Adab 13,000[3] 10,000[3] 10,000[3] 10,000[3]
Akkad 36,000[3]
Anshan 10,000[3] 10,000[3] 10,000[3] 10,000[3]
Babylon 65,000[5] 80,000[5]
Dur-Kurigalzu
Ebla 30,000[3]
Isin 40,000[3] 20,000[3]
Kesh 11,000[3]
Kish 25,000[3] 10,000[3] 40,000[4]
Lagash 40,000[3] 10,000[3] 30,000[3][4] 10,000[3]
Larak/Larsa 10,000[3] 40,000[3] 20,000[3]
Niniveh 23,000[6] 33,000[6]
Nippur 20,000[3] 10,000[3] 10,000[3]
Shuruppak 17,000[3]
Susa 25,000[3] 25,000[3]
Tell Brak 15,000[3] 15,000[3]
Tell Churra 20,000[3]
Tell Leilan 20,000[3] 20,000[3]
Umma 34,000[3] 20,000[3] 10,000[3] 20,000[3]
Ur 60,000[5]
65,000[6]
Uruk 50,000[5][3] 75,000[5]
Zabala 10,000[3] 10,000[3] 10,000[3]


Vuosiluvun mukaan[muokkaa | muokkaa wikitekstiä]

Sumerin ja lähialueen kaupunkeja ajan ja tietolähteen mukaan[7]tarvitaan parempi lähde

Vuosi Morris (2010)[5] Modelski (2003)[4] Chandler (1987)[6]
Väkiluku Nimi Sijainti Väkiluku Nimi Sijainti Väkiluku Nimi Sijainti
4000 BC 5,000 Uruk Iraqk [8] 4,000 Eridu Irak      
Tell Brak Syyria
3700 BC 6,000–10,000 Eridu Iraq
3500 BC 14,000 Uruk Iraq      
3300 BC 40,000 Uruk Iraq
3000 BC [9] 45,000 Uruk Iraq 40,000 Uruk Iraq
2800 BC 80,000 Uruk Iraq
2500 BC [10] 60,000 Lagash[11] Iraq  
[10] 20,000 Nippur Iraq
2400 BC       [12] 50,000 Mari Syria  
[12] 40,000 Umma Iraq
Girsu[11] Iraq
2300 BC       [13] 80,000 Girsu Iraq  
[13] 50,000 Mari Syria
2240 BC Akkad[14] Iraq
2200 BC 50,000 Girsu Iraq Akkad Iraq
2100 BC 100,000 Ur Iraq Akkad Iraq
2075 BC 50,000 Girsu[11] Iraq
2059 BC Girsu Iraq
2030 BC Ur Iraq
2000 BC [15] 40,000 Isin Iraq 65,000 Ur Iraq
Larsa Iraq
Iraq Girsu Iraq

Lähteet[muokkaa | muokkaa wikitekstiä]

  1. List of cities of the ancient Near East. Wikipedia, 10.7.2020. Artikkelin verkkoversio. entarvitaan parempi lähde
  2. Lost City of Irisagrig Comes to Life in Ancient Stolen Tablets Live Science. 30 May 2018.
  3. a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh Määritä nimeke! faculty.washington.edu. Arkistoitu July 5, 2008. Viitattu July 17, 2008.
  4. a b c d e f [1] Malline:Webarchive Viittausvirhe: Virheellinen <ref>-elementti; nimi ”Modelski” on määritetty usean kerran eri sisällöillä
  5. a b c d e f g h (a) [2] Malline:WebarchiveIan Morris, Social Development, Stanford University, October 2010. This contains supporting materials for the following book: (b) Ian Morris, Why the West Rules—For Now, New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2010.  ISBN 978-0-374-29002-3.
  6. a b c d Tertius Chandler (1987). Four Thousand Years of Urban Growth: An Historical Census. St. David's University Press. ISBN 0-88946-207-0. Viitattu 2015-06-20.  Viittausvirhe: Virheellinen <ref>-elementti; nimi ”Chandler” on määritetty usean kerran eri sisällöillä
  7. List of largest cities throughout history. Wikipedia, 20.6.2020. Artikkelin verkkoversio. entarvitaan parempi lähde
  8. Suggested to be the largest cities in Modelski's text, but not given constantly prior to 3700 BC (p. 3, p. 17, and p. 20). No entry is suggested for the Halafian and Ubaid periods.
  9. Suggested to be more than 45,000 in Morris's published text (p. 632).
  10. a b According to Modelski's list of world's largest cities (p. 218), Nippur shares the top with Lagash with 60,000 inhabitants in 2500 BC, though Table 2 (b) suggests that the population of Nippur is 20,000, the value of which is even lower than those estimated for Mari (50,000); Uruk and Umma (40,000); Memphis, Ebla, Urkesh, and Shuruppak (30,000) (p. 28).
  11. a b c Girsu (Telloh), the later capital of the state of Lagash, was situated 25 km NW of Lagash (Tell al Hiba), though both sites are frequently referred as Lagash.
  12. a b According to Modelski's list of world's largest cities (p. 218), Girsu shares the top with Mari with 50,000 inhabitants, though Table 2 (b) suggests that the population of Girsu as well as Umma and Mohenjo-daro is 40,000 (p. 28).
  13. a b According to Modelski's list of world's largest cities (p. 218), the population of Girsu for 2300 BC is estimated as 50,000, which is less than that appears in Table 2 (b) and is the same value with that estimated for Mari (p. 28).
  14. Location uncertain. Maybe west of Sippar.
  15. Modelski's list of world's largest cities (p. 218) excludes Girsu for 2000 BC, though Table 2 (b) lists Girsu with 40,000 inhabitants (p. 28), sharing the top with Isin and Larsa.