Krimin kansainvälinen asema

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Krimin kansainvälinen tunnustus maittain

Krimin kansainvälinen asema on kiistanalainen. Venäjä liitti Krimin osaksi itseään sotilaallisessa interventiossa 28. helmikuuta 2014, mutta Yhdistyneet kansakunnat ei ole tunnustanut sitä osaksi Venäjää. YK:n yleiskokouksen päätöslauselman 68/262 mukaan yleiskokous on todennut vuoden 2014 Krimin kansanäänestyksen olleen epäpätevä[1]. Ei-sitovaa päätöslauselmaa tuki 100 Yhdistyneiden Kansakuntien jäsenvaltiota, 11 valtiota äänesti päätöslauselmaa vastaan, kun taas 58 maata tyhjää, ja lisäksi 24 valtiota oli poissa äänestyksen aikana.

Valtiot jotka ovat tunnustaneet Krimin osaksi Venäjää[muokkaa | muokkaa wikitekstiä]

Seuraavat YK:n jäsenmaat tukeneet Krimin kiistassa Venäjää, esimerkiksi antamalla tukensa Venäjälle YK:n äänestyksissä.[2][3][4] Jotkut maat, kuten Intia, ovat myös äänestäneet Krimin ihmisoikeustilannetta vastaan, mutta eivät äänestäneet Ukrainan alueellista koskemattomuutta vastaan vuonna 2014 tai 2018, joten niitä ei ole lueteltu alla.

Valtiot jotka ovat tunnustaneet Krimin osaksi Ukrainaa[muokkaa | muokkaa wikitekstiä]

Seuraavat YK: n jäsenet ovat ottaneet Ukrainan tukevan kannan Krimin suhteen, kuten tuen antamisesta Ukrainalle YK:ssa

Viitteet[muokkaa | muokkaa wikitekstiä]

  1. Voting Record on Draft Resolution A/68/L.39 Territorial Integrity of Ukraine PaperSmart. United Nations. Viitattu 11.4.2014.
  2. Russian Federation Council ratifies treaty on Crimea’s entry to Russia. itar-tass.com. 21 March 2014
  3. Rosenberg, Matthew (23 March 2014) Breaking With the West, Afghan Leader Supports Russia’s Annexation of Crimea. New York Times
  4. Visiting Russia, Fidel Castro's Son Scoffs at U.S. Sanctions Over Crimea themoscowtimes.com.
  5. https://www.nytimes.com/2014/03/24/world/asia/breaking-with-the-west-afghan-leader-supports-russias-annexation-of-crimea.html
  6. a b c d e f g h "76 UN members abstain & 26 vote against as Crimea human rights resolution passes", RT, 20. joulukuuta 2017. Luettu 10. heinäkuuta 2018. 
  7. Kyrgyzstan Says Crimea Referendum 'Legitimate' Radio Free Europe Radio Liberty. Viitattu 2. kesäkuuta 2016.
  8. Nicaragua recognizes Crimea as part of Russia 27.3.2014. Kyivpost.com. Viitattu 18.5.2014.
  9. Nicaragua unconditionally recognizes incorporation of Crimea into Russia 16.3.2014. Voice of Russia. Viitattu 18.5.2014.
  10. КНДР поддержала позицию России по украинскому вопросу 15.3.2014. rosbalt.ru. Viitattu 19.3.2014. (venäjäksi)
  11. "Syria's Assad expresses support for Putin on Ukraine", 6. maaliskuuta 2014. Luettu 8. maaliskuuta 2014. 
  12. "Putin on Ukraine Okay With China-Syria-Venezuela Minority", Bloomberg News, 11. maaliskuuta 2014. Luettu 12. maaliskuuta 2014. 
  13. a b "WATCH : KASUKUWERE scores a first in
    Ukraine angry as Zimbabwe minister visits Crimea, Interfax-Ukraine (22. joulukuuta 2014)
  14. a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr Voting Record on Draft Resolution A/68/L.39 Territorial Integrity of Ukraine PaperSmart. Yhdistyneet kansakunnat. Viitattu 11.4.2014.
  15. Malvinas/Crimea: Cristina Fernandez blasts UK on "double standard" — MercoPress en.mercopress.com.
  16. Ukraine: Tony Abbott tells Russia to 'back off' smh.com.au. 2.3. 2014.
  17. Russia's Crimea Gambit Draws Various Responses in Caucasus eurasianet.org.
  18. Боливия готова признать Крым частью России | ПОЛИТИКА | АиФ Крым Krym.aif.ru.
  19. https://www.ukrinform.net/amp/rubric-polytics/2834433-un-general-assembly-adopts-resolution-on-problem-of-militarization-of-crimea.html
  20. Announcement of the Press Secretariat 1.3. 2014. Administration of the President of the Republic of Bulgaria.
  21. Announcement of the Press Secretariat of the Head of State 1.3. 2014. Administration of the President of the Republic of Bulgaria.
  22. Baird Promotes Territorial Integrity and National Unity in Ukraine 28 .2. 2014. International.gc.ca.
  23. Readout of President Obama's calls with President Hollande and Prime Minister Harper 1.4.2013. Valkoinen talo.
  24. "Ukraine crisis: Canada, U.S. tell Russia to withdraw forces", Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, 2014-03-01. 
  25. "MPs 'strongly condemn' Russia's actions in Ukraine", CTV News, 2014-03-03. 
  26. Steven Chase. "Harper compares Russia's Crimea moves to Third Reich aggression", The Globe and Mail, 2014-03-04. 
  27. Steven Chase. "Ukraine's flag flown on Parliament Hill", The Globe and Mail, 2014-03-04. 
  28. Andrea Janus. "Canada suspends military activity with Russia 'effective immediately'", CTV News, 2014-03-04. 
  29. a b c d e f United Nations News Centre – Backing Ukraine’s territorial integrity, UN Assembly declares Crimea referendum invalid. Un.org (1.3. 2014) C2014.
  30. "Comunicado del Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores sobre la situación en Ucrania", Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Colombia, 20 .2. 2014. 
  31. Lidegaard: Russia has invaded Ukraine Dr.dk.
  32. a b c d e Meetings papersmart.unmeetings.org.
  33. Foreign Minister Urmas Paet: everything must be done to achieve a political solution to the crisis in Ukraine 1.3. 2014. Estonian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
  34. Kramer, David J.. "We Have Allowed Aggression to Stand", The American Interest, 22 .12.2014. 
  35. Tuomioja: Venäjä toteuttaa Krimin sotilaallista haltuunottoa , Suomenmaa.fi, 2.3. 2014. Accessed on 2.3. 2014.
  36. Франція висловила свою стурбованість загостренням ситуації в Криму . Ukrinform. 28 .2. 2014.
  37. Metreveli, Irakli. "Georgia says 2008 war encouraged Russia to take Crimea", AFP. 
  38. "Georgian Parliament adopts resolution in supporting Ukraine". 
  39. "Merkel wirft Putin Verstoß gegen Völkerrecht vor ((saksaksi))", Stern, 3.3.2014. 
  40. Federal Government | Policy statement by Federal Chancellor Angela Merkel on the situation in Ukraine bundesregierung.de. 13.3.2014. (englanniksi)
  41. Ukraine-Krisentelefonat mit Obama – Merkel schimpft: Putin lebt in einer anderen Welt 3.3.2014. Bild. (saksaksi)
  42. Merkel: Crimea grab 'against international law' thelocal.de.
  43. EUobserver / Merkel: Comparing Crimea to Kosovo is 'shameful' euobserver.com.
  44. Hungary Not Part of Russia-Ukraine Conflict, Premier Orban Says blogs.wsj.com. 3.3.2014.
  45. Statement by the Tánaiste on the situation in Ukraine DFA.ie.
  46. a b Ukraine: MEPs urge EU to help financial rescue, but enact targeted sanctions too 27 .2. 2014. Euroopan parlamentti.
  47. Renzi ammonisce la Russia: 'Una violazione inacettabile' ilgiornale.it.
  48. L'Italia: 'Sovranità violata in Crimea, inaccettabile' liberoquotidiano.it.
  49. Matteo Renzi alla Camera: "Illegittimo il referendum in Crimea" huffingtonpost.it. 19.3.2014.
  50. "Ukraine: Mogherini at Foreign Affairs Council – Extraordinary Summit in Brussels. "Political solution only through dialogue"", 3.3.2014. 
  51. "Su Gerusalemme capitale e Crimea russa, Salvini irrita la Farnesina (di U. De Giovannangeli)", L’Huffington Post, 2018-07-20. ((italiaksi).) 
  52. Japan expresses concern over Russia's Ukraine move japantoday.com.
  53. a b Milda Seputyte. "U.S. Fighters Circle Baltics as Putin Fans Fear of Russia", Bloomberg, 7 .3.2014. 
  54. Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Lithuania called the Russia's ambassador to talk about Crimea. UNIAN. 28 .2. 2014.
  55. Press Statement By Minister of Foreign Affairs On Developments In Ukraine 5 .3.2014. Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Malaysia.
  56. MEXICO EXPRESSES ITS DEEP CONCERN AT THE DETERIORATING SITUATION IN UKRAINE 8 .3.2014. Mexican Foreign Ministry.
  57. Moldova's position towards critical situation in Ukraine president.md.
  58. Crna Gora osudila "rusku agresiju" b92.net.
  59. Norway condemns the Russian military escalation in the Crimea 2.3.2014. regjeringen.no.
  60. Statement on the situation in Ukraine 26.2.2014. Msz.gov.pl.
  61. Polska Agencja Prasowa, Szef MON i ambasador USA: 12 myśliwców F-16 przyleci do Polski. Serwis Informacyjny PAP. 06.03.2014 Warszawa.
  62. Polska Agencja Prasowa, Prezydent apeluje o wspólny wysiłek na rzecz modernizacji wojska. Serwis Informacyjny PAP. 11.03.2014 Warszawa.
  63. Germany's dependence on Russian gas poses risks for Europe – Polish PM | Reuters 10.3.2014. Reuters.
  64. Oświadczenie MSZ o eskalacji sytuacji na Ukrainie wschodniej The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Poland. (puolaksi).
  65. Romania sees no immediate risks to national security related to Crimea crisis. english.hotnews.ro. 2.3. 2014. (romaniaksi)
  66. Criza din Ucraina 6.3. 2014 ziare.com. 23 .10. 2014.
  67. Basescu, despre criza din Ucraina: Ce a facut Rusia e o agresiune, Romania trebuie sa se implice (Video) Ziare.com. (romaniaksi)
  68. COMUNICADO 061 Situación en Ucrania Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation of Spain. (espanjaksi)
  69. Swedish PM: Russian worries 'understandable' – The Local thelocal.se.
  70. Reinfeldt orolig inför toppmötet 19 .3.2014. Aftonbladet. (ruotsiksi)
  71. Bildt: Russia is breaking the law in Ukraine 2.3. 2014. The Local.
  72. Archived copy thediplomat.com.
  73. Ukraine: UK to push for tougher sanctions against Russia over Crimea theguardian.com.
  74. Statement by the President on Ukraine 28 .2. 2014. White House.
  75. "Kerry condemns Russia's 'incredible act of aggression' in Ukraine", Reuters, 2.3. 2014. 
  76. USA won't send presidential delegation to Sochi Paralympics usatoday.com.
  77. White House Office of the Press Secretary (6.3.2014). "Executive Order 13660 – Blocking Property of Certain Persons Contributing to the Situation in Ukraine". Press release. http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2014/03/06/executive-order-blocking-property-certain-persons-contributing-situation. Retrieved 6.3.2014. 
  78. Sanctions: US and EU action on Ukraine PwC Financial Services Regulatory Practice 2014.
  79. The White House, Office of the Press Secretary (17.3.2014). "Executive Order – Blocking Property of Additional Persons Contributing to the Situation in Ukraine". Press release. http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2014/03/17/executive-order-blocking-property-additional-persons-contributing-situat. Retrieved 17 .3.2014. 
  80. Cox, Ramsey. "Reid sets up Ukraine vote for Thursday", The Hill, 25 .3.2014. 
  81. H.R. 4152 – Summary Yhdysvaltain kongressi.
  82. S. 2124 – CBO Cost Estimate Congressional Budget Office.
  83. H.R. 4278 – Summary Yhdysvaltain kongressi.
  84. US energy department suspends peaceful atom projects with Russia en.itar-tass.com.
  85. "Russia's Actions In Crimea Stir Bad Memories In Former East Bloc", Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, 2014-03-06. 
  86. Statement of the Information Agency "Jahon" on the Events in Ukraine mfa.uz.