Shiromani Akali Dal

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Shiromani Akali Dal

Indian Election Symbol Scale.png

Perustettu 1920
Johto Sukhbir Singh Badal
Ideologia konservatismi
Poliittinen kirjo oikeisto
Lok Sabha
2 / 545
Rajya Sabha
3 / 245
Nuorisojärjestö Youth Akali Dal
Opiskelijajärjestö Student Organisation of India
Kotisivu shiromaniakalidal.com/en

Shiromani Akali Dal (lyh. SAD) on intialainen puolue. Suurinta puolueen kannatus on Punjabin osavaltion sikhien keskuudessa, ja se on Intian kansanpuolueen (BJP) vanhimpia liittolaisia.[1] Puolue pitää itseään sikhien pääasiallisena edustajana, joka tuo esille sikheille tärkeitä asioita.[2] Puolueen läheisistä väleistä Intian kansanpuolueeseen, ja sen johtamaan vaaliliittoon (NDA), liittyy puolueenjohtajan vuonna 2018 antama kommentti, jonka mukaan Akali Dal on BJP:n ikuinen liittolainen.[3]

Puolueen nykyisen johtajan, Sukhbir Singh Badalin, isä Parkash Singh Badal on toiminut viisi kautta Punjabin pääministerinä.[4] Vuonna 2017 puolue hävisi Punjabin lainsäädäntökokousvaalit eikä päässyt muodostamaan osavaltion hallitusta.[2]

Vaalimenestys[muokkaa | muokkaa wikitekstiä]

Intian parlamenttivaaleissa[muokkaa | muokkaa wikitekstiä]

Vuosi Edustajat Äänet Viite
1951
4 / 489
0,99% [5]
1957
0 / 494
?% [6]
1962
3 / 494
0,72% [7]
1967
0 / 520
0,13% [8]
1971
1 / 518
0,87% [9]
1977
9 / 542
1,26% [10]
1980
1 / 542
0,71% [11]
1984
7 / 533
?% [12]
1989
0 / 545
0,03% [13]
1991
0 / 545
0,03% [14]
1996
0 / 545
0,76% [15]
1998
8 / 545
0,81% [16]
1999
2 / 545
0,69% [17]
2004
8 / 543
0,90% [18]
2009
4 / 543
?% [19]
2014
4 / 543
?% [20]
2019
2 / 542
? [21]

Punjabin lainsäädäntökokousvaaleissa[muokkaa | muokkaa wikitekstiä]

Vuosi Edustajat Äänet Viite
1951
13 / 126
12,44% [22]
1957
0 / 154
0% [23]
1962
19 / 154
11,87% [24]
1967
2 / 104
4,20% [25]
1969
43 / 104
29,36% [26]
1972
24 / 104
27,64% [27]
1977
58 / 117
31,41% [28]
1980
37 / 117
26,92% [29]
1985
73 / 117
38,01% [30]
1992
3 / 117
5,20% [31]
1997
75 / 117
37,64% [32]
2002
41 / 117
31,08% [33]
2007
48 / 117
37,09% [34]
2012
56 / 117
34,73% [35]
2017
15 / 117
25,24% [36]

Lähteet[muokkaa | muokkaa wikitekstiä]

  1. Gopal, Navjeevan: Akali Dal-BJP chemistry in Punjab: Complementary vote banks, good equations The Indian Express. 12.5.2019. Viitattu 2.7.2019.
  2. a b Grewal, Preetinger: 98 years of Akali Dal: historic gains to a battle of survival SBS. 13.12.2018. Viitattu 2.7.2019.
  3. Akali Dal is a BJP ally forever, says Sukhbir The Hindu Business Line. 7.6.2018. Viitattu 2.7.2019.
  4. India politics: Parkash Singh Badal is Punjab's new chief BBC. 14.5.2012. Viitattu 2.7.2019.
  5. Election Commission of India - Statistical Report on General Elections, 1951, s. 52
  6. Election Commission of India - Statistical Report on General Elections, 1957
  7. Election Commission of India - Statistical Report on General Elections, 1962, s. 63
  8. Election Commission of India - Statistical Report on General Elections, 1967, s. 84
  9. Election Commission of India - Statistical Report on General Elections, 1971, s. 86
  10. Election Commission of India - Statistical Report on General Elections, 1977, s. 94
  11. Election Commission of India - Statistical Report on General Elections, 1980, s. 92
  12. Election Commission of India - Statistical Report on General Elections, 1984/1985, s. 15
  13. Election Commission of India - Statistical Report on General Elections, 1989, s. 95
  14. Election Commission of India - Statistical Report on General Elections, 1991, s. 65
  15. Election Commission of India - Statistical Report on General Elections, 1996, s. 101
  16. Election Commission of India - Statistical Report on General Elections, 1998, s. 102
  17. Election Commission of India - Statistical Report on General Elections, 1999, s. 102
  18. Election Commission of India - Statistical Report on General Elections, 2004, s. 111
  19. Election Commission of India - Performance of State Parties 2009
  20. Election Commission of India - Performance of State Parties 2014
  21. Election Commission of India - Trends and Results 2019
  22. Election Commission of India - Statistical Report on General Election, 1951, to the Legistlative Assembly of Punjab s. 7
  23. Election Commission of India - Statistical Report on General Election, 1957, to the Legistlative Assembly of Punjab
  24. Election Commission of India - Statistical Report on General Election, 1962, to the Legistlative Assembly of Punjab, s. 8
  25. Election Commission of India - Statistical Report on General Election, 1967, to the Legistlative Assembly of Punjab, s. 7
  26. Election Commission of India - Statistical Report on General Election, 1969, to the Legistlative Assembly of Punjab, s. 7
  27. Election Commission of India - Statistical Report on General Election, 1972, to the Legistlative Assembly of Punjab, s. 7
  28. Election Commission of India - Statistical Report on General Election, 1977, to the Legistlative Assembly of Punjab, s. 7
  29. Election Commission of India - Statistical Report on General Election, 1980, to the Legistlative Assembly of Punjab, s. 7
  30. Election Commission of India - Statistical Report on General Election, 1985, to the Legistlative Assembly of Punjab, s. 7
  31. Election Commission of India - Statistical Report on General Election, 1992, to the Legistlative Assembly of Punjab, s. 7
  32. Election Commission of India - Statistical Report on General Election, 1997, to the Legistlative Assembly of Punjab, s. 9
  33. Election Commission of India - Statistical Report on General Election, 2002, to the Legistlative Assembly of Punjab, s. 9
  34. Election Commission of India - Statistical Report on General Election, 2007, to the Legistlative Assembly of Punjab, s. 8
  35. Election Commission of India - Statistical Report on General Election, 2012, to the Legistlative Assembly of Punjab, s. 8
  36. Election Commission of India - Statistical Report on General Election, 2017, to the Legistlative Assembly of Punjab – Performance of Parties